Art and Architecture

Art and Architecture | Modern Classics: Mies Van Der Rohe

19. April 2015

Neue_Nationalgalerie5 To understand the legacy and importance of Mies van der Rohe’s works is not something that you can do at first glance even if you are an architecture enthusiast, especially if you haven’t ever designed a living space or building yourself. As populations and cities in the world grow, there is more and more need for space. Even more than that, there is more need of effective use of space and this is a concept that the modernists and pioneers of the International Style came up with and what paved the way for architecture today. They also brought to the table cheaper and easier construction techniques conceived so that not only the privileged, but the masses could afford houses.

Sure, Mies’ architecture is beautiful, poetic, monumental, and sculptural at first sight. Despite being rationalistic and functional in its entirety, it achieved plastic beauty and elegance. But it was his innovative use of modern industrial materials, exterior expression of  structure(rather than hiding it under overdecorated facades like in his contemporaries’ historicist buildings),  flexible interior spaces surrounded by transparent walls and supported by an external structural frame, clear geometric forms, eliminating ornaments and replacing them with the visual qualities of materials and forms, and the extreme clarity and simplicity of his buildings what made him be one of the leaders of an avant-garde movement that change architecture during his time. It was a new architecture language he and his contemporaries conceived as suitable for the modern industrial age and to represent the new era of technology and production.

Less is More

Before him, buildings were saturated with decoration and their form didn’t follow their function. During his time, there was even an aristocratic revival of classical styles. However, he strove towards an architecture with a minimal structure in a  free-flowing open space. He called his transparent buildings “skin and bones”, therefore, it is safe to consider Mies van der Rohe the founder of minimalism.

His constructions were open and adaptable “universal” spaces with a clear structure, which were composed of movable textured vertical and horizontal wall planes in different materials. They were characterized by regularity which consisted of modules standing on columnar grids. There was a freedom of movement or a free and fluid circulation of interwoven and inter-connected spaces where you could walk endlessly before being stopped in cubical areas. But the most impressive aspect about his simple, rectilinear, and planar designs with clean lines and pure colors was that  the inside encompasses its outdoor surroundings and there is an extension of space around and beyond interior walls(integration with nature and surroundings).

Scroll down to see a visual summary of some of his most important and significant works:

1. Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin. 1968.

Neue_Nationalgalerie2 Neue_Nationalgalerie8 Neue_Nationalgalerie4

Neue_Nationalgalerie3.1 Neue_Nationalgalerie0.2    Neue_Nationalgalerie6 Neue_Nationalgalerie7    Neue_Nationalgalerie9 Neue_Nationalgalerie10 Neue_Nationalgalerie13 Neue_Nationalgalerie14

 2. Farnsworth House, Chicago. 1945-1951.

Farnsworth-House Farnsworth-House3 Farnsworth-House4 Farnsworth-House2     Farnsworth-House5 Farnsworth-House6 Farnsworth-House7

3. The German Pavilion in Barcelona, 1929.

  Barcelona-Pavillion Barcelona-Pavillion0 Barcelona-Pavillion8 Barcelona-Pavillion2 Barcelona-Pavillion4 Barcelona-Pavillion5 Barcelona-Pavillion6 Barcelona-Pavillion7

 4. Villa Tugendhat in Brno, Czech Republic, 1930.

Tugendhat Tugendhat0.1 Tugendhat1 Tugendhat2 tugendhat3

5. Toronto-Dominion Centre, Toronto. 1967-1991.

Toronto-Dominion-Centre1 Toronto-Dominion-Centre2 Toronto-Dominion-Centre3 Toronto-Dominion-Centre4 Toronto-Dominion-Centre6

6. The Seagram Building, New York. 1958.

The-Seagram-Building

7. Chicago Federal Center. 1974.

Chicago-Federal-Center Chicago-Federal-Center2 Chicago-Federal-Center1

8. Crown Hall, Chicago, Illinois. 1956.

Crown-Hall2 Crown-Hall3

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5 Comments

  • Reply lesfactoryfemmes 19. April 2015 at 10:12

    Very nice post!!!We are in love with his work too…an amazing architect xx deea&laura

  • Reply Theresa 20. April 2015 at 2:57

    His designs definitely exemplify minimalism at its finest and I thoroughly enjoyed this post babe. Your love for architecture is definitely evident and your thoughts on his works are so insightful. Thanks so much for sharing!

    xTheresa

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